In Ramayana, Rama sent Sita to the forest when she was pregnant where she lived in Valmiki's ashram. While in the Ashram, She gave birth to twin male boys, Luv and Kusha, who had golden and blue complexions respectively. One day, Sita left the children under the care of Valmiki. When Sita returned, she found Valmiki meditating and hence took the Kusha without his notice. When Valmiki was out of the meditation, he found one child missing. So, he made a similar looking child from holy Dherbai. Later when he found that Sita was having her real child, he asked Sita to treat the new baby also as her own child. Thus Sita brought up all three kids together.

When Sita returned to Rama, he set a fire and asked the boys to cross the fire to reach him. He told that whoever was his real heir would cross the fire unscathed. All three completed the task but only Luv and Kusha could reach Ram unscathed while the boy brought up by Valmiki burnt his body becoming darker. Finally, Rama got to know what had happened in the forest and he blessed the burnt boy to become his escort god (Kaval Deivam) and called him Karuppu Sami (meaning 'dark colored God').

Karuppanar worship is a very ancient ancestral clan-based worship system. Most officiating priests are non-Brahmins and derive from local lineages that had initiated the cult generations ago. The worship pattern is non-Vedic or non-Agamic through folk tales, songs and arts (Villu pattu, Karakattam, Koothu etc.). The local priest might offer flowers or vibuthi (holy ash) to the worshippers and may play the role of an oracle for Shamanism.

Various persons within the clan system are identified to play to the role of oracle on annual turn basis. They undertake vradham and maintain chastity and purity during the period. During the festivals, oracles get into trance state (Saami aadudhal) and deliver counselling messages to the group assembled there without bias. The normal problems addressed are family problems, financial troubles and local community and social issues for resolving within the community group with the agreement of local ancestral god through oracle. Whenever the wishes of the people are granted, they give their offerings to Him based on what they vowed to offer.

Karuppu Sami is also worshipped in Trinidad under the name Dee Baba or Sangili Karuppar. Offerings of cigarettes and alcohol as well as a sacrifice of a black chicken or goat are made to him here.

Karuppannaswamy also known as Karuppusamy, Karupanar, Karuppan, Sangili Karuppan, Vettai Karuppan, etc.. in various geographic locations.


In the ancient Tamil society, people venerated the Veerargal (or warriors) and had the formless stones (Veera Kal or Veerakkal) or Nadukkal erected in memory of them. These fallen warriors or any persons who sacrificed their life for a good cause such as protection of the welfare of the society or the community are revered by all. Just like other sub-deities, he is also a martyr.

Karuppanar is believed to protect the poor, and ensure justice and self-discipline among his believers. It is also believed that He is a fierce warrior who never forgives those who sinned or those who commit crimes. It is believed that He shoos away all evils and devils from entering the village. He masters all land and is a warrior who blocks all evil entering a boundary.

What does Karuppaswamy represent?

Karuppaswamy is a primordial God with tremendous amount of wisdom and energy. He is also called as The Dark God in reference to his role in driving away the dark forces of evil, falsehood and treachery.

Within the Hindu tradition, he embodies the combined power of Kala Bhairava, Narasimha, Veerabhadra and Rudra.

Karuppaswamy is the God of Righteousness, who upholds ‘Dharma’ or Right Action. He embodies the energy to carry out prayers in a relatively short period of time, and in some cases, almost immediately. He has the ability to bring desired results very fast. His speed comes from the horse he gallops upon. As per Dr. Pillai, the horse is a powerful representation of the divine and has the ability to not only store one’s prayers, but also transmit divine vibrations.

It is believed that Karuppaswamy can remove the pain and suffering of people, and establish a new divine world order of truth and righteousness. He represents the ability to manifest and produce fast results.

Adhanur Sri Karuppanna Swamy Temple